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【英语】小学必背工具书

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  • 2021-03-20 00:28:00
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1/38英语目录一、汇归..........3二、特殊疑句点句型..61.年&姓名..72..73.数或价.74.日期或时.75.方位或地点.7三、点法点...81.可数名变复数.....82.名所有格.....83.冠.94.时介...105.形容与副的比...116.Therebe句型与havehas区别.127.人称代与物主代...12四、点时态..131.一现在时...132.一将来时...143.现在时...152/384.一去时..16五、作文...18六、录203/38一、词汇归类1、animals动物cat猫dog狗fishcow奶牛fox狐狸duckbirdbeemonkey猴子donkeyhorserabbit兔子lion狮子tigerpanda熊猫goat山sheepsnakebear熊deer2、fruit水果apple果pineapplepear梨bananapeach桃orange桔子lemon柠檬grapewatermelon瓜kiwifruit猕猴桃3、vegetables蔬菜eggplant子pepper椒cabbage卷心tomato柿potato土cucumber瓜cauliflowerbeansmushroomonion洋4、food品hotdog热狗noodle条corn物ricefriedrice炒milk牛奶soup汤juice果汁chickenicecream冰淇淋Frenchfries炸条hamburger汉堡包5、学习用具bag包penpencilpencil-box盒子book书desk桌ruler尺子chair椅子ball球eraser橡皮pencilsharpener刀6、numbers数字1基数词one1two2three3four4five5six6seven7eight8nine9ten10eleven11twelve12thirteen13fourteen14fifteen15sixteen16seventeen17eighteen18nineteen19twenty20thirty30forty40fifty50sixty60seventy70eighty80ninety90onehundred100twohundred2002序数词first一second二third三fourth四fifth五sixth六seventh七eighth八ninth九tenth十7、body身体部位eye眼earnosefacemouth嘴4/38legarm手knee盖foottoetonguefinger手指hand手head头hair头发chestankle8、job职业vet兽医nurse护士teacher师doctor医生student学生pilot员worker工人farmer农民dancer家singer歌手policeman察juggler杂演员9、subject科目art术P.E.体math数学music乐Chinese文Englishhistory历史science科学geography地理学10、weather天气cloudy多云的rainy多的snowy多的windy多的fine晴朗的sunny光灿烂的11、season季节spring春季summer夏季autumn秋季winter冬季12、方位介词on在上under在下in在infrontof在前behind在后between在之nextto挨着near在13、color色redpinkyellowbrown棕bluepurpleorange橙blackwhite白14、week星期Monday星期一Tuesday星期二Wednesday星期三Thursday星期四Friday星期五Saturday星期六Sunday星期日15、month月份January一月February二月March三月April四月May五月June六月July七月August八月September九月October十月November十一月December十二月16、sports运动football球tennis球basketball球volleyball排球running步jumpingskiing滑skating滑冰bowling保badminton毛球tabletennis乒乓球swimming游泳17、clothes服装shirtdresssweater毛skirt短coat大trousersshorts短jeans牛仔5/38tie带socks子shoespajamas睡belt带T-shirtT恤gloves手套cap帽子baseballcap棒球帽sweatpants动hat礼帽purse女士包18、place地方场所zoo动物园office办公室classroom教室school学校bankpark公园policestation察局library图书supermarket市restaurantcinema电影museum博物trainstation火站postoffice局swimmingpool游泳池19、人称代词I我you你你们he他she她it它we我they他们20、形容词性物主代词my我的your你的你们的his他的her她的our我们的their他们的21、名词性物主代词mine我的yours你的你们的his他的hers她的ours我们的theirs他们的22、带wh的特殊疑词what什么where哪whowhose的when什么时候which哪个23、形容词big大的boring无的young年的thin瘦的small小的easy容易的long的cheap便宜的expensive的fast快的short短的old的旧的fat的hot热的difficult困的slow慢的cold冷的interesting有的exciting令人兴奋的24、family家庭成员mother妈妈father爸爸brother兄弟sister姐妹grandmother奶奶grandfather爷爷uncle叔叔aunt姨25、电器walkman听radio收机television电CD光盘video录像机26、computer电脑部件keyboard盘mouse标speaker扬声器harddisk硬盘disk磁盘screen屏幕CD光盘printer打印机27、Howoften率词6/38always一直usually常hardlyever几乎不never从不everyday每天everyweek每周onceaweek每周一次twiceaweek每周两次28、signs标识Dontwalk.不Dontlitter.不扔垃圾Donttouch.不摸Noswimming.禁止游泳Noparking.禁止停Nosmoking.禁止抽烟Nofood.禁止吃东Nocamera.禁止照相29、chores家务活动walkthedog狗washthedog狗洗澡washthedishes洗碗feedthefish喂makethebed整理床polishshoes擦dustthefurniture擦家具takeoutthetrash倒垃圾makebreakfast做早cutthegrass修剪坪cleantheroom打扫房cleanthewindow清理窗户watertheplants植物浇水30、sports体育活动playfootball球playtennis打球playbasketball打球playbowling打保球playbadminton打毛球playvolleyball打排球playtabletennis打乒乓球dokarate习空手goskiing去滑goskating去滑冰goswimming去游泳rideahorseworkoutatthegym健房健31、日常生活活动getup床gotobed上床睡gotoschool上学gotopark去公园watchTV看电singsongs唱歌seeamovie看电影listentothemusic听乐flykites放dohomework做家庭作业goshopping去物visitfriends拜朋友playthepiano弹琴playtheguitar弹吉他playthedrums打playtheviolin拉小提琴7/38二、特殊疑句点句型1.询年&姓名【用法】1.----Whatsourname?----你叫什么名字----Mynameis...----我叫2.----Howoldareyou?----你几岁了----Im12.----我十二岁。2.询色【用法】1.----Whatcolourisit?----它是什么的----Itsellowandwhite.----白相。3.询数或价【用法】1.----Howmanykitescanyousee?----你可以看几只----Icansee12.----我可以看十二只。2.----Howmanypeoplearethereinyourfamily?----你家有几口人----Three.----三口人。3.----Howmucharetheseapples?----些果多少----Therethirt-fiveyuan.----三十五元。4.询日期或时【用法】1.----Whattimeisitnow?----现在几点----Itsnineoclock.ItstimeforEnglishclass.----九点。上了。2.----Whatdayisittoday?----今天星期几----ItsMonda.----星期一。3.----WhatdoyouhaveforlunchonMondays?----星期一你中吃什么?----Wehavetomatoes,tofuandfish.----我们吃柿和。4.----Whenisyourbirthday?----你的生日是什么时候----ItsOctober1st,ourNationalDa.----十月一日国庆。5.----What'sthedatetoday?----今天几月几日----June9th.----六月九日。5.询方位或地方【用法】1.----Whereismytoycar?----我的玩具汽在哪儿----Itshere,underthechair.----在儿在椅子下。【练习】填合适的特殊疑词。1.__________isthis?---Itsaruler.2.___________________rubbersarethereinthepencilbox?3.___________________isyourbrother?---Hesnine.8/384.__________arethey?---Theyarecows.5.__________areyou?---Imfine.6.__________isyourfather?---Heisadentist(牙医).7.__________doeshegotoschool?---Hegoestoschoolbybus.8.__________isthetree?---Itsgreen.9._________doyoucomefrom?三、点语法知识1.可数名词变复数【规则变换】①一情况直接加-s如book-books,bag-bags,cat-cats,bed-beds.②以s.x.sh.ch尾加-es如bus-buses,box-boxes,brush-brushes,watch-watches.③以字母+尾,变y为i,再加-es,如family-families,strawberry-strawberries.④以f或fe尾,变f或fe为v,再加-es,如knife-knives.⑤以o尾的有生命物体变复数加es无生命的物体加s,如photo-photos,hero-he

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