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当前位置:首页 > 高中试卷 > (通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题四 完形填空 考点二十六 说明文练习课件

(通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题四 完形填空 考点二十六 说明文练习课件

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专题四完形填空考点二十六说明文第1步刷基础·刷经典Cloze1限时12分钟NewYear'sEveisatimetocelebrateandenterthenewyearwithasmileonyourface.WhenIwasakid,thethingIenjoyedmostaboutNewYear'sEvewastryingtostayawakeuntilmidnight.Myparentsdidn't__1__metogotobedearly,butmyheavyeyelidsusually__2__mewellbeforethenewyeararrived.WhenIwokeupthenextmorning,mymumwouldaskmeifIwantedtomakeaNewYear's__3__.Ihadno__4__whatitwas.Aftershe__5__ittome,IsaidIwouldtryto__6__lesswithmyolderbrother.Thisgotmea(n)__7__andapatontheheadfrommymum.__8__,theresolutionlastedonlyuntildinnertime,whenmybrotherandIgotintoa(n)__9__aboutwhowouldsetthe__10__.ANewYear'sresolutionisadecisiontodoornottodosomethinginorderto__11__apersonalgoalorbreakahabit.Itcomesatatimewhenpeople__12__thepastyearandmakeaneffortto__13__themselvesasthenewyearbegins.Likemany__14__,NewYear'sresolutionshavealongandinteresting__15__.NewYear'sDaywasfirstcelebrated4,000yearsagoinancientBabylon.AlthoughtheBabyloniansdidnothaveawrittencalendar,historiansdeterminedthatthey__16__thestartofthenewyearinlateMarchwiththearrivalofthespringseason.IfyouwouldliketomakeaNewYear'sresolutionthisyear,therearesome__17__toconsider,forexample,volunteeratachurchoranimalrescueorganization.RememberthatittakesworktokeepaNewYear'sresolution.Don'tworryifyou__18__onceortwice.Ifyouare__19__towhatyouwanttoaccomplish,you'llbea__20__personattheendoftheyearthanatthebeginning.篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了新年决心的由来、重要性及实现新年决心的途径。答案:B根据句意及生活常识可知,孩子平时是要按时睡觉的,但在新年尤其是新年前夕是可以熬夜的,所以父母在这一天不会强迫“我”去早些睡觉。故选B。答案1.A.suggestB.forceC.demandD.forbid2.A.betrayedB.beatC.surprisedD.disappointed答案:B由but可知,此处与上文形成转折关系,指新年还没到来,“我”就困了。根据常识可知,我们困了会说眼皮打架了。故选B。答案:C根据常识可知,新年大人们常要孩子制定新的计划,故妈妈会问“我”的新年决心;第二段首句中的“resolution”是提示。故选C。答案3.A.wishB.guessC.resolutionD.comment4.A.planB.opinionC.thoughtD.idea答案:D“我”不知道那是什么。作为孩子自然不知道新年决心指的什么。故选D。答案:D“我”不知道新年决心是什么,所以妈妈就向“我”解释。explainsth.tosb.“向某人解释某事”,故选D。答案5.A.showedB.passedC.leftD.explained6.A.chatB.talkC.fightD.share答案:C根据语境可知,既然是向妈妈表决心,肯定是好的行为。所以“少与哥哥打架”符合语境,故选C。7.A.complaintB.blameC.smileD.honor答案:C根据语境可知,“我”说“我”尽量少与哥哥争执,妈妈拍了“我”的头,对“我”的新年决心表示肯定,故可推测出妈妈是高兴的,C符合题意。答案:B此处指早晨刚向妈妈表决心,可晚餐时又开始和哥哥争吵了,因此unfortunately“不幸地”符合题意,故选B。答案8.A.LuckilyB.UnfortunatelyC.AmazinglyD.Honestly9.A.argumentB.situationC.conversationD.agreement答案:A不幸的是,决心仅仅持续到晚餐的时候,“我”和哥哥又开始争论,故选A。10.A.fireworkB.bedC.tableD.clock答案:C由语境可知,此处指晚餐时摆餐具,故选C。答案:A新年决心是为了实现个人目标或改掉习惯而去做什么或不做什么,故A符合题意。答案11.A.accomplishB.designC.createD.abandon12.A.lookforwardtoB.lookbackonC.lookdownuponD.lookoutof答案:B分析后面的宾语是“thepastyear”,指过去的一年,即回顾过去的一年;对新的一年才用lookforwardto...“期待,希望„„”,故B符合题意。13.A.improveB.enjoyC.entertainD.relax答案:A分析句意可知,此处指新年伊始,努力提高自己,故选A。答案:D分析句意并结合选项可知,此处指新年决心像其他传统一样,故选D。答案14.A.habitsB.placesC.countriesD.traditions15.A.storyB.meaningC.historyD.mystery答案:C由下一段中的第一句可知,此处指在新年来临前夕表达决心的传统有悠久的历史,故选C。16.A.observedB.witnessedC.fixedD.established答案:A本文主要讲述新年的庆祝,此处指巴比伦人在3月末,随着春季的来临庆祝新年的开始,observe“庆祝;欢度”,故选A。答案:D本句中所举的例子针对新年决心提出了几个选择,故D符合题意。答案17.A.requirementsB.factorsC.rulesD.choices18.A.slipupB.makeupC.turnupD.drawup答案:A要坚持新年决心是需要努力的。如果你有一两次疏忽,不要担心。slipup“疏忽”,故选A。19.A.calmB.devotedC.gratefulD.enthusiastic答案:B由上文中对新年决心的解释可知,此处指倘若你专心于你想要实现的新年决心,故选B。答案:D根据句意可知,如果你专心于你想要实现的新年决心,年底时,你会发现自己比年初更优秀。故选D。答案20.A.wealthierB.smarterC.healthierD.betterCloze2限时13分钟Theworld'slastmalenorthernwhiterhino,Sudan,hasdiedafter“age­relatedcomplications”,researchersannouncedonMarch,20,sayinghe“__1__theheartofmanywithhisdignityandstrength”.Thewhiterhinohadbeenpartofan__2__efforttosavethesubspeciesfromextinctionwiththehelpofthetwosurvivingfemales.Hisdeathwon'thaveanimpactonthe__3__tosavethesubspecies,asthe__4__turnstofertilizationtechniques.“Hewasagreatambassadorforhisspeciesandwillbe__5__fortheworkhedidtoraiseawarenessgloballyofthe__6__facingnotonlyrhinos,butalsothemanythousandsofotherspeciesfacingextinctionasaresultofhuman__7__,”saidRichardVigne.ThelastmalenorthernwhiterhinohadbeenborninSudan,takentoaCzech__8__andthentransferredtoKenyain2009.Rangers__9__Sudandescribedhimasgentle.“Therhinosignificantly__10__tosurvivalofhisspeciesashefatheredtwofemales,”theconservancysaid.“Additionally,hisgeneticmaterialwas__11__yesterdayandprovidesahopeforfuture__12__atreproductionofnorthernwhiterhinos__13__advancedcellulartechnologies.”“Oneday,hisdeathwill__14__beseenasadecisivemomentforconservationistsworldwide,”Vigneadded.“Sudan'sdeathisa__15__symbolofhumanignorefornatureandit__16__everyonewhoknewhim.Butweshouldnotgiveup,”saidJanStejskal.“Wemust__17__theuniquesituationinwhichcellulartechnologiesareusedfor__18__ofcriticallyendangeredspecies.Itmaysound__19__,butthankstothenewlydevelopedtechniquesevenSudancouldstill__20__hischildren.Wewillbehappyforeveryonewhowillhelpusinourjointeffort.”篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文。地球上最后一头雄性北方白犀牛苏丹在患上与年龄相关的并发症后死亡,但我们可以利用一项新研发的细胞技术来繁殖犀牛。1.A.brokeB.lostC.knewD.stole答案:Dstealone'sheart在这里表示“赢得某人的欢心”。答案2.A.innocentB.impossibleC.ambitiousD.unrealistic答案:C根据空格后面的内容可知,这是一个在仅仅剩余的两头雌性犀牛帮助下,拯救濒临灭绝的犀牛亚种的雄心勃勃的努力。答案:D上文已经提到了“an__2__effort”,故选efforts。答案3.A.abilitiesB.waysC.chancesD.efforts4.A.energyB.focusC.interestD.curiosity答案:B根据(通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题四 完形填空 考点二十六 说明文练习课件

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