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当前位置:首页 > 高中试卷 > (通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题二 语法运用 考点十四 短文改错练习课件

(通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题二 语法运用 考点十四 短文改错练习课件

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专题二语法运用考点十四短文改错考点考频名词3年10考冠词3年7考代词3年6考介词3年7考连词3年13考形容词/副词3年21考动词3年13考非谓语动词3年9考预测说明从语法考点来看,预计2020年高考以考查动词、名词、形容词和副词为主,其中代词和连词的考查频率也比较高解题流程初读全文,了解大意→逐句研读,认真改错→审查句子结构,仔细推敲→改后复读,纠正失误,减少差错三年全国卷考情分析做题原则四不改:①单词拼写错误不改;②大小写不改;③词序错误不改(应从错词或少词方面考虑);④标点符号不改五原则:①忠实原文原则(不改变原文的原意);②错误以改动最少为原则;③虚词以添加或删除为原则;④实词以改变形式为原则;⑤以多改、少添加或删除为原则第1步刷基础·刷经典Passage1限时7分钟Doyoubelieveloveisthemostimportant?Intheearlytwentycentury,homelesspeoplewereoftenbroughtupinorphanages,inthattheyreceivedlittlelove.Atonetime,DrSkeelstooktwelvechildrenfromanorphanageorhadayounggirllookthemeachday.Healsostudiedanothertwelvechildrenwhoareleftintheorphanagealldaylong.Hefollowedthesechildrennotuntiltheygrewup,andtheresultswereshocked.Thechildrenstayingalldayintheorphanagewereeitherdeadorsufferingfromseriousillnesses.However,thetwelvechildrenlovedbythegirlwereallhealthyandindependently.Theonlydifferencebetweenthelifeofthesechildren—thelove,madeagreatdifferencetous.答案:Doyoubelieveloveisthemostimportant?Intheearlytwenty①twentiethcentury,homelesspeoplewereoftenbroughtupinorphanages,inthat②whichtheyreceivedlittlelove.Atonetime,DrSkeelstooktwelvechildrenfromanorphanageor③andhadayounggirllook∧④afterthemeachday.Healsostudiedanothertwelvechildrenwhoare⑤wereleftintheorphanagealldaylong.Hefollowedthesechildrenuntiltheygrewup,andtheresultswereshocked⑦shocking.答案Thechildrenstayingalldayintheorphanagewereeitherdeadorsufferingfromseriousillnesses.However,thetwelvechildrenlovedbythegirlwereallhealthyandindependently⑧independent.Theonlydifferencebetweenthelife⑨livesofthesechildren—thelove,madeagreatdifferencetous⑩them.1.twenty→twentieth考查数词。表示二十世纪,不用基数词要用序数词,故将twenty改为twentieth。2.that→which考查定语从句的引导词。句中包含定语从句,修饰先行词orphanages,关系词在定语从句中作状语,表地点,故定语从句用“介词+which”引导,相当于where,故将that改为which。答案3.or→and考查连词。此处指DrSkeels从孤儿院领出了12个孩子,并且让一个年轻女孩照顾他们。前后句是并列关系,不是转折,故将or改为and。4.look后加after考查动词短语。此处表示照顾,是lookafter,故look后加after。5.are→were考查动词的时态。此处指被留在孤儿院的另外12个孩子,故事发生在过去,所以用一般过去时的被动语态,故将are改为were。6.删除not考查连词。until“直到„„时”,notuntil“直到„„才”,此处指他密切关注这些孩子直到他们长大,根据句意删除not。答案7.shocked→shocking考查形容词。此处表示结果是令人震惊的,用shocking。8.independently→independent考查形容词。此处作系动词were的表语,和and前的形容词healthy并列,也用形容词,故将independently改为independent。9.life→lives考查名词。此处指这些被调查的孩子的生活,用复数形式。故将life改为lives。10.us→them考查代词。此处指代thesechildren,用they的宾格,故将us改为them。答案Passage2限时7分钟YesterdaymorningIwasonmywaytowork.SuddenlyIstoppedbyawomanonthesidewalk.SheaskedmeifIknewhowtogettoCASS,thatisalocalshelterforthehomeless.Icouldtellshewasextremeupset,soItoldherI'dlookitupforheronmysmartphones.Whilewaiting,shetoldmeshewaslosinganddidn'thavemoneyforthebus.Itookoutofa20­dollarbillfrommypursebuthandedittoher.ThenIaccompanyhertothenearestbusstop.Seethehappysmileonherfacebrightenedupmyday,either.答案:YesterdaymorningIwasonmywaytowork.SuddenlyI∧①wasstoppedbyawomanonthesidewalk.SheaskedmeifIknewhowtogettoCASS,that②whichisalocalshelterforthehomeless.Icouldtellshewasextreme③extremelyupset,soItoldherI'dlookitupforheronmysmartphones④smartphone.Whilewaiting,shetoldmeshewaslosing⑤lostanddidn'thavemoneyforthebus.Itookoutof⑥a20­dollarbillfrommypursebut⑦andhandedittoher.ThenIaccompany⑧accompaniedhertothenearestbusstop.See⑨Seeingthehappysmileonherfacebrightenedupmyday,either⑩too.答案1.I后加was考查谓语动词以及动词的语态。根据“stoppedbyawoman”可知,此处是被动语态,句中缺少be动词,主语是I,时间为一般过去式,故在I后面加was。2.that→which考查定语从句。that不能引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是CASS,指物,故将that改为which。3.extreme→extremely考查副词。副词可以用来修饰形容词,故将extreme改为extremely。4.smartphones→smartphone考查名词。此处指“我”的手机,用单数形式。故将smartphones改为smartphone。5.losing→lost考查形容词。形容词lost表示“迷路的”。故将losing改为lost。答案6.去掉of考查介词。此处表示“拿出”用“takeout”,of多余,故去掉。7.but→and考查连词。此处前后表示顺承关系,而非转折,故将but改为and。8.accompany→accompanied考查动词的时态。本文的时态为一般过去时,故将accompany改为accompanied。9.See→Seeing考查非谓语动词。此处是动名词作主语,故将See改为Seeing。10.either→too考查副词。表示肯定的“也”用too而非“either”。故将either改为too。答案Passage3限时6分钟ThemomentIsteppedinhighschool,Ihavemadeupmymindtostudyhardforthepurposeofenteringthegooduniversity.Inthefirstyear,Imadealotofnewfriends,allofwhoweresoexcellent.Ifeltgreatpressureduringthesecondyear.MyscoreswentupordownandIfeltsoworrying.ItoldmethatIneededrelaxation.Listentomusicwasagoodway.Besides,Iwouldliketalkwithmyfriends,becausetheyunderstoodme.Wewouldhavesometeaintheshopandthensharesecret.Whenwelaughedouthappy,alltheannoyancewoulddisappear.答案:ThemomentIsteppedinhighschool,Ihave①madeupmymindtostudyhardforthepurposeofenteringthe②agooduniversity.Inthefirstyear,Imadealotofnewfriends,allofwho③whomweresoexcellent.Ifeltgreatpressureduringthesecondyear.Myscoreswentupor④anddownandIfeltsoworrying⑤worried.Itoldme⑥myselfthatIneededrelaxation.Listen⑦Listeningtomusicwasagoodway.Besides,Iwouldlike∧⑧totalkwithmyfriends,becausetheyunderstoodme.Wewouldhavesometeaintheshopandthensharesecret⑨secrets.Whenwelaughedouthappy⑩happily,alltheannoyancewoulddisappear.答案1.去掉have考查动词的时态。根据前面“ThemomentIsteppedin”可知应该用一般过去时。2.the→a考查冠词。此处表示“一所好的学校”,是泛指。3.who→whom考查定语从句的引导词。前面有of,故用who的宾格形式whom。4.or→and考查连词。upanddown“上上下下”,固定用法。5.worrying→worried考查形容词。表示人“担心的”用worried。6.me→myself考查反身代词。此处表示“我告诉我自己”用反身代词myself。答案7.Listen→Listening考查非谓语动词。动名词作主语用Li(通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题二 语法运用 考点十四 短文改错练习课件

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