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(通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题二 语法运用 考点十三 语法填空练习课件

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专题二语法运用考点十三语法填空考点考频名词3年10考代词3年3考冠词3年7考介词3年8考形容词/副词3年5考连词3年9考动词3年16考非谓语动词3年20考引导词3年10考预测说明从考点考频来看,预计2020年高考题将保持近三年的难度,主要以考查动词、名词、介词和副词为主,适度增加对连词的考查,其中动词的时态和非谓语动词形式是难点三年全国卷考情分析解题流程通读全文,了解主旨大意→尝试填空,解决较易空格→分析结构,各个击破→重读全文,修正错误第1步刷基础·刷经典Passage1限时8分钟ChinesehasovertakenFrench,SpanishandGermantobecomeoneofthemostlucrative(赚钱的)foreign__1__(language)forjobseekersintheUK.ResearchshowsgraduatesinChineseearnanaverage__2__(year)salaryof£31,000(270,000yuan)ormore.Forstudentstoday,strugglingwithrisingdebt,__3__degreeinChinesepromisestosetthemapartintheworkplace.Chinesestudentsset__4__(they)upforadifferentuniversityexperiencefromtheirpeers(同辈)whoaretakingtraditionalessaysubjects.WhileanEnglishstudentmayhaveaslittleassixhoursofcontacttimeaweek,thosestudyingChinese__5__(be)inclassformostoftheday.HannahJacksongraduatedinChineseStudiesfromSheffieldUniversityin2009.Shedescribeshercourse__6__“majorlynervous”.Inthesecondweekofherfirstyear,shewas__7__(suppose)toknowmorethansomeonewhohadtakenChineseatA­Level.HannahstudiedChinese__8__(know)shewantedajobworkinginbusinessinChina.Shegraduatedattheheightoftherecession(衰退)andwenttolookforajobinShanghai,__9__shefoundmoreemploymentopportunities.“StudyingChinesedefinitelymakesyoumoremarketableintheworkplace.PeopleIstudiedChinesewithhavefoundit__10__(easy)tofindajob,”shesaid.1.________2.________3.________4.________5.________6.________7.________8.________9.________10.________篇章导读:本文是一篇新闻报道。文章介绍的是对英国人来说,学好汉语对找工作有很大帮助。1.languages考查名词。“oneofthe+名词”结构,其中的名词用复数形式。2.yearly考查词性转换。yearlysalary“年薪”。3.a考查冠词。adegree“一种学位”。4.themselves考查代词。当宾语与主语是同一个人或同一些人时,用反身代词作宾语。5.are考查主谓一致。those在句中作主语,且此处描述一个基本事实。答案答案6.as考查介词。describe...as...“把„„描述为„„”。7.supposed考查固定搭配。besupposedtodosth.“应该做某事”,且由时间状语“...ofherfirstyear”可知,本句应用一般过去时。8.knowing考查非谓语动词。作伴随状语,且由句子主语Hannah和know之间存在主动关系可知,应用动词­ing形式。9.where考查定语从句的引导词。关系词在定语从句中作地点状语,修饰先行词Shanghai。10.easier考查形容词比较级。此处表示学习中文的人更容易就业,应用形容词的比较级作宾语补足语。Passage2限时6分钟Nowadaysmoreandmorepeopleliketotravel,__1__(especial)whenvacationscome.Agreatnumberofpeoplerushoutoftheirhomesorcompaniesto__2__(travel)spots.Theyeitherdriveortakeabus,atrain,aship__3__soon.Someevenridebikes.However,there__4__(be)anotherwayoftravelling—poorism.Peoplehaveatourin__5__poorestareasoftheworld.Somepeoplemaytakeaone­daypooresttour,andsomeevenpaytostayinverypoorneighborhoods__6__(experience)thelowestlivingstandardsintheworld.Poorismtourstakeplacearoundtheworld,andnotjustinthethirdworld__7__(country).Youcan,forinstance,tourNewYorkneighborhoodsintheBronx.Suchtourscantakepeopleintotheheartofpoorareas.Thesetoursmayawakenpeopletopay__8__(much)attentiontolong­standingpoverty,ortheeffectsofwar.Somethinkthattoursinthepoorareascanraisesocialcare.Andthemoneyfromthetourcan__9__(donate)tohelpthepeople__10__livethere.1.________2.________3.________4.________5.________6.________7.________8.________9.________10.________答案篇章导读:本文是一篇记叙文。文章介绍了另一种旅游形式——贫困之旅。人们在世界上最贫穷的地区进行旅游,这些旅行可能会使人们更多地关注长期存在的贫困现象,注意到战争的负面影响。1.especially考查词性转换。此处是副词修饰when引导的时间状语从句,故答案为especially。2.travelling/traveling考查非谓语动词。句意:很多人冲出家门或公司去旅游景点。此处是动名词作定语,修饰spots,故答案为travelling/traveling。3.and考查连词。固定结构:andsoon等等。故答案为and。答案4.is考查动词的时态和语态。此处是therebe句型,句子主语是anotherwayoftravelling,故谓语动词应用单数第三人称形式,并且介绍的是一般情况,故用一般现在时,故答案为is。5.the考查定冠词。此处是形容词最高级,前面用定冠词the,故答案为the。6.toexperience考查动词不定式。句意:有些人可能会参加为期一天的“最贫困之旅”,有些人甚至花钱住在非常贫困的社区,体验世界上最低的生活水平。此处是动词不定式作目的状语,故答案为toexperience。答案7.countries考查名词的复数。第三世界的国家不止一个,所以名词用复数形式,故答案为countries。8.more考查比较级。句意:这些旅行可能会唤醒人们更多地关注长期存在的贫困和战争的影响。结合句意可知,句子用比较级,故答案为more。9.bedonated考查含情态动词的被动语态。句意:旅游所得的钱可以捐赠给生活在那里的人们。此处money和donate之间是被动关系,can已经给出,故答案为bedonated。10.who/that考查定语从句的引导词。此处people是先行词,指人,引导词在后面的定语从句中作主语,故答案为who/that。Passage3限时8分钟AlfredAlder,afamouspsychiatrist,had__1__interestingexperience.Whenhewasasmallboyhegotofftoapoorstartinarithmetic(算术).Histeachergottheideathathehadnoabilityinarithmetic,andtoldhisparents__2__shethoughtinorderthattheywouldnotexpecttoomuchofhim.Inthisway,theyalsodevelopedtheidea,“Isn't__3__toobadthatAlfredcan'tdoarithmetic?”Heacceptedtheirmistakenestimateofhisability,__4__(feel)thatitwasuselesstotry,andthathewasverypooratarithmetic,justastheyexpected.Onedayhebecameveryangryattheteacherandtheotherstudentsbecausetheylaughedwhenhesaidheknewhowtosolveaproblemwhichnoneoftheotherstudentshadbeenabletosolve.Aldersucceeded__5__solvingtheproblem.Thisgavehim__6__(confident).Herejectedtheideathathecouldnotdoarithmeticandwas__7__(determine)toshowthemthathecould.Hisangerandhisnew­foundfaithstimulatedhimtogoatarithmeticproblemswithanewspirit.Henowworkedwithinterest,determination,andpurpose,andhesoonbecame__8__(extraordinary)goodatarithmetic.Henotonlyprovedthathecoulddoarithmetic,but(also)learnedearlyinlifefromhisownexperience,__9__apersongoesatajob__10__determinationandpurpose,hemayastonishhimselfaswellasothersbyhisability.1.________2.________3.________4.________5.________6.________7.________8.________9.________10.________答案篇章导读:本文是一篇记叙文,介绍了精神科医生艾尔弗雷德·奥尔德幼年时学数学的有趣经历。1.an考查冠词。experience作“(一次)经历”讲时为可数名词,在本句中表示泛指,故用不定冠词。又由interesting的发音是以元(通用)2021高考英语一轮复习 专题二 语法运用 考点十三 语法填空练习课件

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